Medical Handouts

Chronic Renal Failure in Cats

Also known as CRF or Kidney Disease What do my cat’s kidneys do? The kidneys have many functions. They principally act to remove protein waste products from the blood stream, retain essential nutrients such as potassium and protein at the … Continue reading


Constipation in Cats – straining, vomit, hard stool

What is constipation? Constipation can be defined as an abnormal accumulation of feces resulting in difficult bowel movements. This may result in reduced frequency or absence of defecation. The feces are retained in the large intestine or colon. Since one of … Continue reading


Dental Disease – bad breath, not eating, drooling

How common is dental disease in cats? Approximately two-thirds (68%) of cats over three years of age have some degree of dental disease. The most common problems are due to periodontal disease, gingivitis and Feline Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesions (FORLs.) What … Continue reading


Feline Arthritis

What is Arthritis? Osteoarthritis is the inflammation of the joint lining and the deterioration of cartilage.  Cartilage is eroded from the ends of the bones making up the joint, and bony spurs and thickening occur in bones adjacent to the joint. … Continue reading


Feline Cardiomyopathy

What is cardiomyopathy? Cardiomyopathy is a term used to describe diseases of the heart muscle. In cats, three classes of cardiomyopathy have been described: hypertrophic, dilated and intermediate (restrictive). In all classes, the heart disease usually results in clinical signs … Continue reading